List of Gotra and Thari
Gotra is the clan system. Generally its the group of people of several generations who are the descendants of a unbroken male line from a common male ancestor.
At the birth, children get gotra from their father. But a girl gets transfer to her husband’s gotra after her marriage. We can also see some rare examples of people changing their gotra doing some rituals. It is said that the great king of Nepal Prithibhi Narayan Shah(1723-75) went to Banaras, India and changed his Gotra from ‘Bharadwaj’ to ‘Kasyap’ to remain free from the sin of ‘Gotra Hatya’(killing of own clan) during unification of Nepal.
There are main 8 gotras evolved from the Rishis (sage) who were mind-born sons of Bramha, one of the Hindu Trinity. They are
Saptarishis (सप्तऋषि, the famous 7 sages) –
- Bharadvaja and
There are 49 established Hindu gotras today all of which are itself or evolved from those earlier eight gotras. Some sources say that there are 284 khas surnames today.
Sagotri (सगोत्री) are the people having same gotra. Like other Hindu communities, in Nepal too , marriage with sagotri is socially unacceptable. In past, marriage with the sagotri of up to three generations of mother side was also unacceptable. But in present day, there is a saying in Nepali “budamawaliko ghar jogaunu-mawali ko thar jogaunu” means “Avoid marriage with the family member of maternal great-grand parents – Avoid marriage with anybody having same last name of maternal grand parents”.
As education, awareness and desire to reform the system increases, today we can also see many cases of marrying with sagotri fighting with the society. But there is always a debate whether marrying with sagotri is good or bad not only on traditional basis but also on scientific basis.
List of Some popular gotras and Nepali surnames belonging to it:-
Agasti (अगस्ती) : Dhungel
Angira (अंगिरा) : Joshi, Sedai, Saunak, Shahi
Atri (अत्रि) : Adhikari, Arjel/Arjyal, Bam (Raakse Thakuri), Bhatta (Pashupat), Chapagai, Gotame, Khatiwoda, Mishra, Ojha, Wosti
Aatreya (आत्रेय) : Aryal, Bhatta (Duwadi), Devkota, Dawadi, Dulal, Kalikote (Khadka), Paudel, Pokharel (Pani), Rosyara, Sharma, Sigdel, Thapa (Bagale)
Bharadwaaj (भरद्वाज) : Adhikari, Bhatta (Palyal), Chaulagai, Devkota, Jamarkattel, Lohani, Niraula, Panthi, Pandey (Kuleta), Panta, Pokharel (Dudh), Rawat, Shahi, Siwakoti / Shiwakoti, Subedi, Thami (Adhikari), Thapaliya, Upadhaya, Wagle, [Bhandari (Niraula, Suntakhane)]
Dhananjaya (धनञ्जय) : Basel/ Batsayal, Basnet, Bhusal, Budhathoki (Khulal), Dhamala, Gauripitri/ Gairipippli, Guragai, Humagai, Karki (Khulal), Khadka (Khulal), Kukurkote, Kunwar, Pangeni, Rijal, Thapa, [Bhandari (Bhusal)]
Garg (गर्ग) : Bastola, Bhatta (Lamichhane), Bhetuwal, Bhurtel, Chudal, Gajurel, Khetan, Thapa (Lamichhane), Rokaha, Rishal, Shah (Kaskeli Khand)
Gautam (गौतम) : Chanda, Bam (Thakuri), Dangal, Mahat, Pandey (Paleu), Tripathi, Tiwari
Ghrita Kaushik (घृत कौशिक) : Baral, Karki (Sutar), Khanal, Nepal, Pandit
Kapil (कपिल) : Khati, Daani, Bohora
Kashyap (कश्यप) : Adhikari (Bhadare, Khilchine and Kaubali), Badaal, Bhatta (Kalauni, Mushyal), Bogati, Budhathoki (Sodari), Darji, Gadtaula, Gartaula, Ghimire, Hada, Kathayat, Kumal, Kumbhairana, Pade, Pandey (Badkhora, Badaal, Bhumihar, Simaaldiya), Rayamajhi, Shah (Thakuri), Sahi, Thapa (Godar), Tiwari
Kaudinya (कौण्डिन्य) : Achraya, Baskota, Bhandari (Kaala), Gaagle, Joshi, Khadka, Kharel, Marashini, Neupane, Pakurel, Paneru, Pathak, Parajuli, Sapkota, Satyal, Thapa (Bagale and Gamle), Trital
Kausalya (कौसल्य) : Pathak, Thami (Chhettri)
Kausik (कौशिक) : Bam (Chhatyal Thakuri), Baniya, Bastakoti, Bhandari (Aachhami), Bidari, Dhital, Dhungana, Gaudel, Khadka, Khapatari (Khadka, Bistha, Budhathoki and Basnet), Lamichhane, Luitel, Majhi, Pathak, Phuyal, Pudasaini, Raghubansi, Regmi, Rimal, Sanjel, Shahi (Sijapati), Tiwari, Thami
Kundin (कुण्डिन) : Trital, Banjad/ Banjade
Mandabya (माण्डव्य) : Bajagai, Bajhai, Gyawali, Katuwal, Maskey, Panthi [Bhandari (Bajgain)]
Maudagalya (मौद्गल्य) : Belkadhi, Karki (Mudula), Koirala, Kuinkel, Rume, Simkhada, Timsina/ Timilsina, Upreti
Parasar (परासर) : Dhimal (khas), Karki (Lama) , Kattel, Marhattha
Ravi (रवि) : Shah (Kalyaal Thakuri)
Sankhyayan (सङ्ख्यायन) : Pandey (Desh)
Shandilya (शाण्डिल्य) : Kafle/ Kaphle, Mahat, Pathak, Prasai, Tiwari
Upamanyu (उपमन्यु) : Bartaula, Bhatta (Duwal), Dhakal, Mainali, Pathak
Vishwamitra (विश्वमित्र) : Bhatta (Alina, Dumadi, Nirbansi, Rai and Rayal)
Vatsa (वत्स) : Bhatta (Naagar), Dahal, Dayal, Kuwar, Kharaal, Lamsal, Rana, Rupakheti
Vashishta (वशिष्ठ) : Bhandari (Thansinghe), Bhatta (Tapleli),Bhattarai, Chalise, Dawadi, Gaire, Gamnage, Kharel, Mudabhari, Pathak, Raut, Suyal (Garthi), Suyal (Thapa), Thangsine
Gotra of Dashnami Sanyasi======
Bhaveswa : Puri, Saraswati, Bharati
Adhigata : Tirtha, Ashram
Kashyap : Ban, Aranya
Bhrigu : Giri Parvat. Sagar